Partial Replacement of Sea and Desert Sand in Place of River Sand for Mortar in Construction Ashwini Manjunath B T Karthick T R Assistant Professor Student Department of Civil Engineering Department of Civil Engineering Atria Institute of Technology, Bangalore-24, Karnataka, India. Atria Institute of Technology, Bangalore-24, Karnataka, India.
3rd Biennial Engineering Conference, Federal University of Technology, Minna, May, 2013 Partial Replacement of Sand with Sawdust in Concrete Production A. Abdullahi, M. Abubakar, A. Afolayan Department of Civil engineering, Federal University of Technology, Minna ABSTRACT The rising costs of building construction in developing countries have been a source of
Sep 21, 2021 New study shows that plastic waste can replace sand in concrete. This change could lead to an environmental friendly solution in construction industry. Concrete is the most consumed material after fresh water as more than 20 billion tons are produced each year worldwide. The mixture of concrete consists of 30% of sand.
The recent researches show that cement mortar containing eggshell as a partial replacement of sand contained radiation absorption property. In these cement mortar samples, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% by mass of sand was replaced by crushed eggshells, and there was increase in radiation absorption. The res...
2. Gurpreet Singh and Rafat siddique 2011 Effect of waste foundry sand WFS as partial replacement of sand on the strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity and permeability of concrete, International journal of construction and building materials Vol.26, PP.416-422. 3. IS 10262 - 2009 Recommended guidelines for concrete mix design 4.
that have occurred in construction industry regarding the performance of eggshells as in sand replacement in concrete mixed. The experiments that will be conducted to investigate are slump test, curing, compressive strength and flexural test. Thus, the amount of eggshell waste can be used as sand replacement in concrete beam production.
Jul 20, 2021 In the construction industry alone, which is on a continuous rise, around 40 billion-50 billion tonnes of sand is used every year on a global basis. But since it harms the environment hugely, a number of countries, including India, Cambodia and Vietnam, have banned it
Development activities in construction sector have caused serious problems throughout the world as the natural resource depletion and produce large amounts of waste. In Malaysia, the main problem appeared when most of the waste was abandoned and not recycling. Such conditions can cause serious problem such as environmental pollution. This research utilizes
Dec 23, 2021 4.Conclusion. The present thesis works identified the effect of fragmentary replacement of Factory made Sand by Eco-Sand in concrete. Further, it had comparatively established various properties such as newly laid concrete and hardened concrete test for various percentages like 0%, 6%, 12%, 18%, 24 %and 30% respectively.
Why is the replacement material required instead of coarse aggregate? The cement, sand coarse aggregates are the vital material in construction. At present, a structure can not be constructed without those materials. In concrete, the aggregate occupies
The paper presents a concrete mix design procedure for partial replacement of sand with quartz sand. Present method was performed to evaluate the additional compressive, flexural strength with higher slump over conventional concrete in which sand is replaced with 0%, 25%, 50% and 100% of quartz sand by weight with 1% super plasticizers.
Aug 20, 2014 This work focuses on the use of copper slag, as a partial replacement of sand for use in cement concrete and building construction. Cement mortar mixtures prepared with fine aggregate made up of different proportions of copper slag and sand were tested for use as masonry mortars and plastering. Three masonry wall panels of dimensions 1 1 m were
mix and (iv) up to 20% of sand replacement with CCB will result in compressive strength that is not significantly different from the control. Keywords Compressive Strength, Concrete, Crushed cow bone, Density, Workability 1. Introduction Concrete is considered to be a universal construction material for many reasons. It is resistant to water when
a substitute for river sand as fine aggregate for concrete. Experimental results show that the washed sea sand is ideal for concrete and plastering activities. When compared with 100% river sand concrete, 50 and 100% replacement of sea sand with river sand in concrete gives lesser in compressive, ) ) ) IJSER
sand replaced by quarry dust in concrete gives the maximum strength and then the strength reduces from 50% replacement of sand. 2. MATERIAL TO BE USED 2.1 Cement - Cement is a binding material, most commonly used in construction work for making concrete and mortar. The property of cement which makes it useful is when it is
A possibility exists for the partial replacement of sand with sawdust in the production of lightweight concrete 4. Optimum replacement of sand with sawdust has been found to be 10%. Beyond this limit, the concrete produced did not meet code requirements for strength as per BS 8110 (1997). REFERENCES 1 Abdullahi, M. (2006).
at 50% replacement at room temperature and net strength after loss due to hike in temperature was above the recommended strength value due to 50% replacement itself. This result gives a clear picture that quarry dust can be utilized in concrete mixtures as a good substitute for natural river sand giving higher strength at 50% replacement.
Dec 15, 2013 The recommended % replacement of sand by copper slag is 40% iv. The addition of slag in concrete does not have any environmental problem. * Filtered sand and Sea Sand The use of filtered sand and sea sand have posed many challenges to the engineers as many of the concrete structures failed using the filtered sand and sea sand.
Back in India, a study carried out by the Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) has also shown that copper slag can be used as a partial replacement for sand as fine aggregate in concrete up to 40 per cent in pavement grade concrete without any loss of cohesiveness and the compressive and flexural strength of such concretes is about 20 per cent higher than that of
order to replace sand. The manufactured sand (M -sand) has found to be economical alternative to the river sand. M -sand is obtained as a crushing of granite stones in required grading to be used for construction purposes as a replacement for river sand. M
the construction industry, the demand for river sand and illegal sand mining would come down, A well processed manufactured sand as partial or full replacement to river sand is the need of the hour as a long term solution in Indian concrete industry until other suitable alternative fine aggregate are developed.
May 19, 2020 To achieve cost effectiveness in construction, cement and sand should be replaced by more than 50% with quarry dust without affecting the concrete properties and experiments should be continued to achieve the same. REFRENCES
the use of river sand and use recent innovations such as manufactured sand, stone crusher dust, filtered sand, sieved silt. So new innovation in sand replacement is required for development of nation and development of infrastructure. 2. ALTERNATE MATERIAL OF SAND- Industrial waste and by-products of all industry, which have
The sand replacement test method is used to determine in situ dry density of soil. The procedures, materials, equipment, and specifications of this test is based on the Indian Standard (IS 2720 part 28). This test is of significant importance and it has been widely used in various construction project sites.
a partial replacement of sand for use in cement concrete and building construction. Cement mortar mixtures pre-pared with ne aggregate made up of different proportions of copper slag and sand were tested for use as masonry mortars and plastering. Three masonry wall panels of dimensions 1 9 1 m were plastered. The studies showed
Generally, sand is compacted to achieve 7080% relative density. After compaction, field density can be found by performing a sand replacement test in the field. % of compaction can be obtained from field density for maximum density obtained from relative density test.
M-Sand, an Alternative to the River Sand in Construction Technology. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 9, ISSN 2229-5518 7 Olofinnade OM, Ede AN, Ndambuki JM, Ngene BU, Ofuyatan O and Akinwumi II, 2018 Strength and microstructure of eco-concrete produced using waste glass as partial and complete replacement for sand.
The basic material required in construction of buildings by using concrete are aggregate and cement . In this study, the performance of waste materials crumb rubber ... at 0% to 100% replacement to crushed sand in concrete mix. The result showed that
Mar 03, 2010 The sand replacement method of determination of in situ density uses a sand-pouring cylinder, cylindrical calibrating container, tray with a central circular hole, and a chisel. Determination of field density using the sand replacement method involves three steps. ... Sidney M. Levy, in Construction Calculations Manual, 2012.
per the requirements is known as Sand Replacement Test.. They are otherwise known as Field Density Test or FDD Test of sand.. Density / Unit Weight The unit weight of the material is defined as Mass per Volume (M/V) Why do we use sand replacement tests? The bearing capacity of a soil depends on the density of soil. The structural design was also calculated
effect of M -sand as a fine aggregate in high strength concrete and compare the results with the River sand. The scope of the present investigation can be summarized as follows To study the effect of workability and the str ength of concrete with the replacement of M -sand by river sand, at an addition of silica fume with cement.
Sand Replacement Method is also known as Sand Cone Method. The apparatus used in this field density test consists of a sand pouring cylinder, with pouring cone at its base. There is a shutter between the cylinder and the cone.
construction activities cannot be diminished as it is intimate able. The only way is to search alternatives material which can fully or partially replaced naturally available material in construction. Stone dust is such an alternative material which can be effectively being used in construction as partial replacement of natural sand.
Jul 28, 2016 The concept of replacement of natural fine aggregate by quarry dust which is highlighted in the study could boost the consumption of quarry dust generated from quarries. By replacement of quarry dust, the requirement of land fill area can be reduced and can also solve the problem of natural sand scarcity. The availability of sand at low cost as a fine aggregate
reduce the dependency on sand solely in order to reduce sand mining which affects the nature and ecosystem. This research is basically to determine the effect of rubber waste powder content as partial sand replacement in cement mortar in terms of strength, workability and effect on temperature on rate of curing.